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Indeed, he constantly clashes with the pagan Uhtred and some of his more tempestuous allies due to his Christian piety and desire to surround himself with priests.
The real-life king was famous for his enthusiasm for the church and learning, broadening construction of schools when generally only churchmen learned to read.
A prominent real-life figure, the learned bishop was commissioned by the king to write the Life of King Alfred, a glowing tome which provided the main evidence for his achievements.
In a rollercoaster of a series, viewers saw her married off by Alfred to the utterly unpleasant Aethelred of Wessex, before she is kidnapped by the Danes to London, where she ultimately falls in love with a roguish, but far eligible Viking lord.
Known as The Lady of the Mercians, she ruled the prominent English midland kingdom for seven years following the death of Aethelred incidentally, there is no real evidence to support his portrayal in The Last Kingdom as a malicious, abusive psychopath.
After several years of successes in raids against the Viking invaders, in she personally led the Mercian armies to reclaim the Danish fortress of Derby.
Shortly before her death the following year, the Viking leaders of York, the epicentre of the northern Danelaw, offered her their fealty after she seized Leicester without opposition.
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Sorry, there was a problem with your subscription. Culture Television Is Uhtred a real person? In Edward issued several charters concerning land in Mercia.
Other charters were issued by the Mercian leaders which did not contain any acknowledgment of Edward's authority, but they did not issue their own coinage.
Other historians disagree. Davidson comments that "the evidence for Mercian subordination is decidedly mixed.
Ultimately, the ideology of the 'Kingdom of the Anglo-Saxons' may have been less successful in achieving the absorption of Mercia and more something which I would see as a murky political coup.
In the late ninth and early tenth centuries, connection by marriage with the West Saxon royal house was seen as prestigious by continental rulers.
No battles are recorded between the Anglo-Saxons and the Danish Vikings for several years after the Battle of the Holme , but in Edward agreed peace with the East Anglian and Northumbrian Danes, suggesting that there had been conflict.
According to one version of the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle he made peace "of necessity", which implies that he was forced to buy them off.
In November , he constructed a fort on the north bank of the River Lea at Hertford to guard against attack by the Danes of Bedford and Cambridge.
In , he marched with his army to Maldon in Essex, and ordered the building of a fort at Witham and a second fort at Hertford, which protected London from attack and encouraged many English living under Danish rule in Essex to submit to him.
In , a Viking army sailed from Brittany and ravaged the Severn estuary. It then attacked Ergyng in south-east Wales now Archenfield in Herefordshire and captured the Bishop, referred to as Cameleac, Cimeliauc and Cyfeilliog, depending on the source.
Edward ransomed him for the large sum of forty pounds of silver. The Vikings were defeated in by the armies of Hereford and Gloucester, and gave hostages and oaths to keep the peace.
According to the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle , one of the two jarls who had led the raids, Hroald, was killed, as was the brother of the other jarl.
Edward maintained an army on the south side of the estuary in case the Vikings broke their promises, and he twice had to repel attacks.
In the autumn the Vikings moved on to Ireland. The episode suggests that south-east Wales fell within the West Saxon sphere of power, unlike Brycheiniog just to the north, where Mercia was dominant.
The following year he occupied Bedford, and constructed another fortification on the south bank of the River Great Ouse against a Viking one on the north bank.
In Edward returned to Essex and built a fort at Maldon to bolster the defence of Witham. He also helped Earl Thurketil and his followers to leave England, reducing the number of Viking armies in the Midlands.
The decisive year in the war was In April Edward built a fort at Towcester as a defence against the Danes of Northampton , and another at an unidentified place called Wigingamere.
The Danes had built their own fortress at Tempsford in Bedfordshire, but at the end of the summer the English stormed it and killed the last Danish king of East Anglia.
The English then took Colchester , although they did not try to hold it. The Danes retaliated by sending a large army to lay siege to Maldon, but the garrison held out until it was relieved and the retreating army was heavily defeated.
Edward then returned to Towcester and reinforced its fort with a stone wall, and the Danes of nearby Northampton submitted to him.
The armies of Cambridge and East Anglia also submitted, and by the end of the year the only Danish armies still holding out were those of four of the Five Boroughs, Leicester, Stamford, Nottingham, and Lincoln.
The same offer is not known to have been made to Edward, and the Norse Vikings took York in Mercia may have made a bid for continued semi-independence which was suppressed by Edward, and it then came under his direct rule.
According to the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle for , "all the people who had settled in Mercia, both Danish and English, submitted to him". This would mean that he ruled all England south of the Humber, but it is not clear whether Lincoln was an exception, as coins of Viking York in the early s were probably minted at Lincoln.
Coin evidence suggests that his authority was stronger in the East Midlands than in East Anglia. The principal currency in later Anglo-Saxon England was the silver penny , and some coins carried a stylised portrait of the king.
There was also a minor issue of coins in the name of Plegmund, Archbishop of Canterbury. There was a dramatic increase in the number of moneyers over Edward's reign, fewer than 25 in the south in the first ten years rising to 67 in the last ten years, around five in English Mercia rising to 23, plus 27 in the conquered Danelaw.
In , Plegmund conveyed the alms of the English king and people to the Pope, the first visit to Rome by an Archbishop of Canterbury for almost a century, and the journey may have been to seek papal approval for a proposed re-organisation of the West Saxon sees.
Forged charters date the division to , but this may not be correct. Asser died in the same year, and at some date between and Sherborne was divided into three sees, Crediton covering Devon and Cornwall , and Wells covering Somerset, leaving Sherborne with Dorset.
At the beginning of Edward's reign, his mother Ealhswith founded the abbey of St Mary for nuns, known as the Nunnaminster , in Winchester.
The monastery was next to Winchester Cathedral, which became known as the Old Minster while Edward's foundation was called the New Minster.
It was much larger than the Old Minster, and was probably intended as a royal mausoleum. Edward's mother died in , and he buried her and Alfred there, moving his father's body from the Old Minster.
The only other king buried at the New Minster was Eadwig , in Edward's decision not to expand the Old Minster, but rather to overshadow it with a much larger building, suggests animosity towards Bishop Denewulf, and this was compounded by forcing the Old Minster to cede both land for the new site, and an estate of 70 hides at Beddington to provide an income for the New Minster.
Edward was remembered by the New Minster as a benefactor, but at the Old Minster as rex avidus greedy king. Patrick Wormald observes: "The thought occurs that neither Alfred nor Edward was greatly beloved at Winchester Cathedral; and one reason for Edward's moving his father's body into the new family shrine next door was that he was surer of sincere prayers there.
The standard of Anglo-Saxon learning declined severely in the ninth century, particularly in Wessex, and Mercian scholars such as Plegmund played a major part in the revival of learning initiated by Alfred.
Mercians were prominent at the courts of Alfred and Edward, and the Mercian dialect and scholarship commanded West Saxon respect.
English translations of works in Latin made during Alfred's reign continued to be copied, but few original works are known.
The script known as Anglo-Saxon Square minuscule reached maturity in the s, and its earliest phases date to Edward's reign. The only surviving large scale embroideries which were certainly made in Anglo-Saxon England date to Edward's reign.
They are a stole , a maniple and a possible girdle removed from the coffin of St Cuthbert in Durham Cathedral in the nineteenth century.
It was on this occasion that the king acquired land from the Bishop of Winchester for the foundation of the New Minster, Winchester.
No charters survive for the period from to the king's death in , much to the puzzlement and distress of historians. Charters were usually issued when the king made grants of land, and it is possible that Edward followed a policy of retaining property which came into his hands to help finance his campaigns against the Vikings.
Clause 3 of the law code called I Edward provides that people convincingly charged with perjury shall not be allowed to clear themselves by oath, but only by ordeal.
This is the start of the continuous history in England of trial by ordeal ; it is probably mentioned in the laws of King Ine to , [b] but not in later codes such as those of Alfred.
There was increasing confusion in the period as to what was really bookland; Edward urged prompt settlement in bookland and folkland disputes, and his legislation established that jurisdiction belonged to the king and his officers.
According to the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle , there was a general submission of rulers in Britain to Edward in This passage was regarded as a straightforward report by most historians until the late twentieth century,  and Frank Stenton observed that "each of the rulers named in this list had something definite to gain from an acknowledgement of Edward's overlordship".
Smyth points out that Edward was not in a position to impose the same conditions on the Scots and the Northumbrians as he could on conquered Vikings, and argues that the Chronicle presented a treaty between kings as a submission to Wessex.
In his view:. Nothing is known of his relations with the Mercians between and the last year of his life, when he put down a Mercian and Welsh revolt at Chester.
Mercia and the eastern Danelaw were organised into shires at an unknown date in the tenth century, ignoring traditional boundaries, and historians such as Sean Miller and David Griffiths suggest that Edward's imposition of direct control from is a likely context for a change which ignored Mercian sensibilities.
Resentment at the changes, at the imposition of rule by distant Wessex, and at fiscal demands by Edward's reeves, may have provoked the revolt at Chester.
He died at the royal estate of Farndon, twelve miles south of Chester, on 24 July , shortly after putting down the revolt, and was buried in the New Minster, Winchester.
According to William of Malmesbury, Edward was "much inferior to his father in the cultivation of letters", but "incomparably more glorious in the power of his rule".
Other medieval chroniclers expressed similar views, and he was generally seen as inferior in book learning, but superior in military success.
John of Worcester described him as "the most invincible King Edward the Elder". A principal reason for the neglect of Edward is that very few primary sources for his reign survive, whereas there are many for Alfred.
He was largely ignored by historians until the late twentieth century, but he is now highly regarded. He ruled an expanding realm for twenty-five years and arguably did as much as any other individual to construct a single, south-centred, Anglo-Saxon kingdom, yet posthumously his achievements have been all but forgotten.
Prior to this conference, no monographs had been published on Edward's reign, whereas his father has been the subject of numerous biographies and other studies.
In the view of F. Wainwright: "Without detracting from the achievements of Alfred, it is well to remember that it was Edward who reconquered the Danish Midlands and gave England nearly a century of respite from serious Danish attacks.
Edward had about fourteen children from three marriages. He first married Ecgwynn around Edward married for a third time, about , Eadgifu , the daughter of Sigehelm, Ealdorman of Kent.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Anglo-Saxon king, son of Alfred the Great. King of the Anglo-Saxons. Portrait miniature from a 13th-century genealogical scroll depicting Edward.
New Minster, Winchester , later translated to Hyde Abbey. Ancestors of Edward the Elder  8. Egbert of Wessex 4. Alfred the Great Oslac 5.
Osburga 1. Edward the Elder 6. Ealhswith 7. The daughters are listed in their birth order according to William of Malmesbury's Gesta Regum Anglorum.
Herefordshire Council. Retrieved 24 November Abels, Richard Harlow, UK: Longman. In Higham, Nick; Hill, David eds.
Edward the Elder — Abingdon, UK: Routledge. Retrieved 31 December Bailey, Maggie Chichester, UK: Wiley— Blackwell.